Out of more than 600 churches in Rome we will arrange an interesting tour for you.
Here are some examples:
- Churches of the counter reformation: Il Gesù, San Ignazio, Sant’Andrea della Valle
- Bernini und Borromini: San Carlino, Sant’Andrea al Quirinale, Santa Maria della Vittoria, Sant’Ivo alla Sapienza
- The great Papal Basilicas: San Giovanni in Laterano with the Holy Steps and the Baptistery, Santa Maria Maggiore und Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls
- ..and more…
Il Gesù is the main church of the Jesuits in Rome. The Company Gesù was founded in 1540 by the Spaniard Ignatius Loyola and was the main operator of the Counter- Reformation after the Council of Trent, whose ultimate goal was to circumvent the theses of Martin Luther and Calvin. Today it is one of the most beautiful baroque churches in Rome.
The church was dedicated to the founder of the Jesuit order and was built from 1626 – 1650 according to plans by Orazio Grassi. It is one of the most beautiful baroque churches of Rome. The fresco of the Jesuit Andrea Pozzo in the main nave was a popular theme during the Counter-Reformation: the glorification of the saints in response to Protestantism. Andrea Pozzo was a master of Tompe d’l’oeil –he painted a crowd in motion on a fictional architecture.
St. Andrea della Valle
The basilica is scenery of the first act of the opera Tosca by Giacomo Puccini. The dome by Carlo Maderno is the third largest in Rome after St. Peter’s and St. Paul’s in the modern EUR district.
Bernini und Borromini
San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, which is affectionately called San Carlino, has been created by Borromini shortly before his suicide. The church is completely white on the inside and a masterpiece of the Baroque periode. Both the exterior facade and the interior are characterized by geometric shapes, typical of Borromini, which provides one or two successful optical illusions.
Sant’ Andrea al Quirinale
The church, a work of Bernini, made out of polychrome marble and decorated with light stucco inside is a masterpiece of Bernini’s signature style. Eight side chapels give the oval nave a feeling of space. The martyrdom painting of St. Andrew in the chance is impressive. The miracle of salvation of St. Andrew corresponds in its artistic presentation of the contemporary needs of the Catholic Church after the Reformation.
Santa Maria della Vittoria
The church was built by Carlo Maderno at the beginning of the 17th century with polychrome marble, gilded stucco and impressive paintings. It is named after the ‘Madonna painting’, which is said to be the reason for the decisive victory of the Catholics over the Protestants during the Thirty Years’ War. The Capella Cornaro with Bernini’s “Ecstasy of St. Theresa of Avila”, which causes amazement and scandals at the same time, is the gem of the church.
Sant Ivo alla Sapienza
The church, built in the mid 17th century, is considered as a jewel of Francesco Borromini. The colonnaded courtyard of the former site of the University, already reflects Barromini´s preference of geometric shape. Eye-catching is the dome: a helical twisting upward lantern whose architectural meaning is a mystery till today.
San Giovanni in Laterano
“Mother and head of all churches of the city and of the earth” – as it is written today in the inscription on the facade of the church. It is one of four Papal Churches and the cathedral of Rome. Emperor Constantine built this first church between 313 and 324. The church served as the popes’ residence until they were exiled to Avignon. Later they settled around the St. Peter´s Basilica.
During this tour we will not only visit the church, but also the Holy Staircase and the Baptistery, the oldest baptistery of the world, which has also been built under Emperor Constantine. Nowadays the Holy Stairs are one of the only five stairs that ascend to the Sancta Sanctorum, the medieval private chapel of the popes. According to tradition these are the stairs from the praetorium in Jerusalem that Jesus climbed at the process before Pilate.
Santa Maria Maggiore
It is the smallest of the four Papal churches, although its name “maggiore” indicates being the greatest. It is the largest church of Our Lady in town. As often happens also this church has its legend: a miraculous snowfall in midsummer, which is remembered with trickling white petals from the ceiling on the 5th of August. It is one of the few churches that never was a victim of a fire or an earthquake and therefore still contains beautiful works of art from its early days (5th cent.).
Sankt Paul vor den Mauern
According to tradition, the Apostle Paul (AD 64-67) was beheaded in the first wave of persecution of Christians under Emperor Nero. Above his grave a small memorial has been created and later on a basilica, which got destroyed by a fire in 1823. Generous donations from around the world allowed the reconstruction of the original shape. 80 monolithic columns divide the 131 m long basilica and give her a unique atmosphere. Along the frieze below the windows are small mosaics medallions, with the 266 portraits of the popes from Peter to Francis. It is said that when no more space remains for other portraits, the world would end. Is it true that there are only seven empty spots left?
Please contact me for any further information.
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